Doctor of Philosophy - Ruminant Nutrition, Jan., 1987
University of Illinois
Master of Science - Ruminant Nutrition, May, 1984
Southern Illinois University
Bachelor of Science - Animal Industries, May, 1982
University of Missouri Professor 1998-Present
University of Missouri Associate Professor 1993
University of Missouri Assistant Professor 1987
University of Missouri Doctoral Faculty Appointment 1991-Present
University of Missouri Graduate Faculty Appointment 1987-Present
University of Missouri Graduate Nutrition Faculty 1987-Present
University of Illinois Graduate Research Assistant 1982-1987
American Society of Animal Science American Society of Dairy Science
American Institute of Nutrition National Cattlemen’s Beef Association Missouri Cattlemen’s Association Missouri Soybean Association
American Forage and Grassland Council American Society of Microbiology
American Society for Nutritional Sciences
Four principles define my academic focus. These principles are to uphold the vision of the land-grant mission, to enhance the stature of the University of Missouri, to provide an educational environment that fosters intellectual development of graduate students, and to make scientific contributions of sufficient magnitude within my area of intellectual curiosity to enhance production agriculture.
I believe the future of academic research will be dependent upon forming collaborative agreements and partnerships with private concerns for the purpose of developing marketable intellectual property. I am a partner in three faculty start-up companies, consult for commodity organizations and industry, and serve as a scientific advisory board chair.
A major research thrust of my laboratory encompasses understanding nutritional and metabolic influences on gain efficiency of cattle.
Gain efficiency is the most important factor effecting beef production profitability. Gain efficiency is affected by digestible nutrient ratios in the diet, mitochondrial respiration efficiency, and efficiency of tissue accretion. My laboratory is conducting research to determine optimum amino acid to energy ratios that maximize gain efficiency. This research involves modeling bacterial flow from the rumen and developing empirical equations that optimize diet formulation to animal performance. This research encompasses developing rumen-stable amino acid oligomers and diet interventions that prevent pathogen shedding by the feedlot animal. My laboratory is also conducting research determining the relationship between mitochondrial metabolism and gain efficiency. Specific research thrusts consist of collaborative efforts to measure mitochondrial protein expression, and identify mitochondrial proteins that differ between efficient and inefficient contemporaries. In addition to understanding the biological reason for energetic differences among animals, we are also seeking for a physiological and/or functional genomics marker for metabolic efficiency. Finally, we are using our discoveries in diet formulation and selection for efficiency to reduce waste volume by over one-half compared to conventional feeding strategies.
Oligosaccharide removal from animal feed (2002).
Animal feeds containing polypeptides (2004)
Categorically ranking animals for feed efficiency (2006)
Amino acid oligomer dietary supplement (2006)
Paterson, J.A. and M.S. Kerley. 1992. Beef Cattle Nutrition Research. In: Pfizer Research Conference Proceedings p. 7.
Paterson, J.A., R.L. Belyea, J.P. Bowman, M.S. Kerley and J.E. Williams. 1994. The impact of forage quality and supplementation regiment on ruminant animal intake and performance. In Forage Quality, Evaluation and Utilization. (G.C. Fahey, Jr., ed.) p. 59.
Kerley, M.S. and G.D. Sunvold. 1997. Favorably modifying gut flora with a novel fiber (FOS). Iams International Nutrition Symposium Proceedings.
Garrett, H.E., M.S. Kerley, K. P. Ladyman, W. O. Walter, L.D. Godsey, J. W. Van Sambeek, and D.K. Bauer. 2004. Hardwood silvopasture management in North America; In New Vistas in Agroforestry: A Compendium for the First World Congress of Agroforestry. Kluwer Publishing, Drodorecht, Netherlands (Nair, P.K.R., Rao, M.R., and Buch, L.E., eds.).
Kerley, M.S., and G.P. Lardy. 2006. Grazing Animal Nutrition. In Forages, Volume II, 6th Edition. The Science of Grassland Agriculture. Iowa State Press, Ames, IA (Barnes, R.F., C. J. Nelson, K.J. Moore, and M. Collins, eds.).
Refereed Journal Articles
Kerley, M.S., A.A. Ashley, M.I. Mora, J.L. Firkins, G.C. Fahey, Jr. and L.L. Berger. 1985. Utilization of pelleted corncob-concentrate diets by growing lambs and multiple fistulated sheep. Nutr. Repts. Intl. 31:435.
Kerley, M.S., A.R. Kinser, J.L. Firkins, G.C. Fahey, Jr. and L.L. Berger. 1985. Effects
of roughage particle size on site of nutrient digestion and digesta flow through the gastrointestinal tract of sheep fed corncob-concentrate diets. J. Anim. Sci. 61:504.
Kerley, M.S., G.C. Fahey, Jr., L.L. Berger, J.M. Gould and F.L. Baker. 1985. Alkaline hydrogen peroxide treatment unlocks energy in agriculture by-products. Science 230 (No. 4727):820.
Kerley, M.S., J.L. Firkins, G.C. Fahey, Jr. and L.L. Berger. 1985. Roughage content and particle size: Their effects on size reduction and fiber composition of particles passing through the gastrointestinal tract of sheep fed corncob-concentrate diets. J. Dairy Sci. 68:1363.
Kinser, A.R., M.S. Kerley, G.C. Fahey, Jr. and L.L. Berger. 1985. Effect of roughage particle size on ruminal, digestive and metabolic characteristics of early-weaned lambs fed pelleted corncob-concentrate diets. J. Anim. Sci. 61:514.
Kerley, M.S., G.C. Fahey, Jr. L.L. Berger, N.R. Merchen and J.M. Gould. 1986. Effects of alkaline hydrogen peroxide treatment of wheat straw on site and extent of digestion in sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 63:868.
Lewis, S.M., M.S. Kerley, G.C. Fahey, Jr., L.L. Berger and J.M. Gould. 1986. Use of alkaline hydrogen peroxide-treated wheat straw as an energy source for the growing ruminant. Nutr. Repts. Intl. 35:1093.
Kerley, M.S., G.C. Fahey, Jr., L.L. Berger, N.R. Merchen and J.M. Gould. 1987. Effects of treating wheat straw with pH-regulated solutions of alkaline hydrogen peroxide on nutrient digestion by sheep. J. Dairy Sci. 70:2078.
Paterson, J.A. and M.S. Kerley. 1987. Discussion of marker methodologies used in grazing experiments and digestibility of forages consumed by grazing animals. In: Grazing Livestock Nutrition Conference (Judkins, Clanton, Petersen, and Wallace, eds.) Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie. P. 67.
Garleb, K.A., G.C. Fahey, Jr., S.M. Lewis, M.S. Kerley and J.L. Montgomery. 1988. Chemical composition and digestibility of fiber fractions of certain by-product feedstuffs fed to ruminants. J. Anim. Sci. 66:2650.
Kerley, M.S., G.C. Fahey, Jr., J.M. Gould and E.I. Iannotti. 1988. Effects of lignification, cellulose crystallinity and enzyme accessible space on the digestibility of plant cell wall carbohydrates by the ruminant. Food Microstructure 7:59.
Kerley, M.S., K.A. Garleb, G.C. Fahey, Jr., L.L. Berger, K.J. Moore, G.N. Phillips and J.M. Gould. 1988. Effects of alkaline hydrogen peroxide treatment of cotton and wheat straw on cellulose crystallinity and on composition and site and extent of digestion of cell wall phenolics and monosaccharides by sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 66:3235.
Hannah, S.M., M.T. Rhodes, J.A. Paterson, M.S. Kerley J.E. Williams and K.E. Turner. 1989. Influence of energy supplementation on forage intake, digestibility and grazing time by cattle grazing tall fescue. Nutr. Repts. Intl. 40 (6):89.
Piwonka, E.J., M.S. Kerley and J. A. Paterson. 1989. Isolation and susceptibility of non-mesophyll cell walls from caucasian bluestem leaf tissue to rumen microbial degradation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 39:473.
Piwonka, E.J., J.W. MacAdam, M.S. Kerley and J.A. Paterson. 1989. Separation of mesophyll from non-mesophyll cell wall tissue in Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans [L.] Nash) leaf tissue. Agron. J. 83:327.
Hannah, S.M., J.A. Paterson, J.E. Williams and M.S. Kerley 1990. Effects of corn vs corn gluten feed on site, extent and ruminal rate of forage digestion and on rate and efficiency of gain. J. Anim. Sci. 68:2536.
Hannah, S.M., J.A. Paterson, J.E. Williams and M.S. Kerley 1990. Effect of increasing dietary levels of endophyte-infected tall fescue seed on digestibility and digestive kinetics of sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 68:1693.
Turner, K.E., J. A. Paterson, M.S. Kerley and J.R. Forwood. 1990. Effect of mefluidide treatment of tall fescue pastures:intake and animal performance. J. Anim. Sci. 68:3406.
Turner, K.E.., J.A. Paterson, M.S. Kerley and J.R. Forwood. 1990. Effect of mefluidide treatment of tall fescue pastures:forage quality. J. Anim. Sci. 68:3399.
Bowman, J.G.P., C.W. Hunt, M.S. Kerley and J. A. Paterson. 1991. Effect of forage maturity and legume supplementation on large particle size reduction and small particle flow from the rumen of cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 69:369.
Briesacher, S.L., T. May, K.N. Grigsby, M.S. Kerley, R.V. Anthony and J.A. Paterson. 1991. Use of DNA probes to monitor nutritional effects on ruminal prokaryotes and Fibrobacter succinogenes S85. J. Anim. Sci. 70:289.
Grigsby, K.N., C.W. Peter, M.S. Kerley and J. A. Paterson. 1991. Effect of greenchop alfalfa supplementation on nutrient flow and digestion in cattle consuming tall fescue greenchop in May and August. J. Anim. Sci. 69:4602.
Peters, C.W., C.G. Aldrich, K.N. Grigsby, J. A. Paterson, R.J. Lipsey, M.S. Kerley and G.B. Garner. 1992. Endophyte-infected or free tall fescue or orchardgrass pasture for beef cows and calves:I. Forage intake and digestibility. J. Anim. Sci. 70:1550.
Grigsby, K.N., M.S. Kerley and J.A. Paterson. 1992. Site and extent of nutrient digestion of a low quality bromegrass hay diet by steers with incremental levels of soybean hull substitution. J. Anim. Sci. 70:1941.
Aldrich, C.G., J.A. Paterson, J.L. Tate and M.S. Kerley 1993. The effects of endophyte-infected tall fescue consumption on diet utilization and thermal regulation in cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 71:164.
Aldrich, C.G., M.T. Rhodes, J.L. Miner, M.S. Kerley and J.A. Paterson. 1993. The effects of endophyte-infected tall fescue consumption and use of a dopamine antagonist on intake, digestibility, body temperature, and blood constituents in sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 71:158.
Grigsby, K.N., M.S. Kerley, J.A. Paterson and J.C. Weigel. 1993. Combinations of starch and digestible fiber in supplements for steers consuming a low-quality bromegrass hay diet. J. Anim. Sci. 71:1057.
Lardy, G.P., G.E. Catlett, M.S. Kerley and J.A. Paterson. 1993. Determination of the ruminal escape value and duodenal amino acid flow of rapeseed meal. J. Anim. Sci. 71:3096.
May, T., M.S. Kerley and J.E. Williams. 1993. Supplemental protein influences on carbohydrate degradation and bacterial 16s ribosomal ribonucleic acid. J. Dairy Sci. 76:3479.
Lardy, G.P., M.S. Kerley and J. A. Paterson. 1994. Effect of increasing the dietary level of rapeseed meal on growth and intake by growing beef steers. J. Anim. Sci. 72:1936.
Larson, B.T., D.M. Sullivan, M.D. Samford, M.S. Kerley, J.A. Paterson and J.T. Turner. 1994. D2 dopamine receptor response to endophyte-infected tall fescue and an antagonist in the rat. J. Anim. Sci. 72:2905.
Reecy, J.M., J.E. Williams, M.S. Kerley, R.S. McDonald, W.H. Thornton, Jr. and L.M. Wallace. 1994. Abomasal casein infusion enhances the mitogenic activity of serum from protein restricted steers. J. Nutr. 124:67.
Forcherio, J.C., G.E. Catlett, J.A. Paterson, M.S. Kerley and M.R. Ellersieck. 1995. Supplemental protein and energy for beef cows consuming endophyte-infected tall fescue. J. Anim. Sci. 73:3427.
Howard, M.D., D.T. Gordon, K.A. Garleb, and M.S. Kerley 1995. Dietary fructooligosaccharide, xylooligosaccharide or gum arabic have variable effects on cecal and colonic microbiota and epithelial cell proliferation. J. Nutr. 125:2604.
Howard, M.D., M.S. Kerley, D.T. Gordon, L.W. Pace and K.A. Garleb. 1995. Effects of dietary supplementation with fructooligosaccharide on colonic microbiota populations and epithelial cell proliferation in neonatal pigs. J. Ped. Gastero. Nutr. 21:297.
Huang, S., M. Lian, G. Lardy, H.E. Huff, M.S. Kerley and F. Hsieh. 1995. Extrusion processing of rapeseed meal for reducing glucosinolates. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 56:1.
Larson, B.T., M.D. Samford, J.M. Camden, E.L. Piper, M.S. Kerley, J.A. Paterson and J.T. turner. 1995. Ergovaline binding and activation of D2 dopamine receptors in GH4ZR7 cells. J. Anim. Sci. 73:1396.
MacAdam, J.W., M.S. Kerley, E.J. Piwonka and D.V. Sisson. 1995. Effect of seasonal change and harvest management on big bluestem digestibility and cell wall composition. J. Sci. Food Agric. 70:79.
Paterson, J., C. Forcherio, B. Larson, M. Samford, and M. Kerley. 1995. The effects of fescue toxicosis on beef cattle productivity. J. Anim. Sci. 73:889.
Rhodes, M.T., J.A. Paterson, M.S. Kerley, G.E. Garner, M.H. Laughlin and R.B. Boatwright. 1995. Endophyte-infected tall fescue reduced blood flow to peripheral and core body tissues in sheep and cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 69:2033.
Larson, B.T., M.D. Samford, J.T. Turner, M.S. Kerley and J. A. Paterson. 1996. Effects of endophyte-infected tall fescue, environmental temperature, and prazosin injection on the rat. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 114C:39.
Reecy, J. M., J. E. Williams, J. Davis, M. S. Kerley, R. S. MacDonald, and W. H. Thornton, Jr. 1996. The effect of postruminal amino acid flow on muscle cell proliferation and protein turnover. J. Anim. Sci. 74:2158.
Ludden, P.A. and M.S. Kerley. 1997. Amino acid and energy interrelationships in growing beef steers. 1. The effect of level of feed intake on ruminal characteristics and intestinal amino acid flows. J. Anim. Sci. 75:2550.
Samford-Grigsby, M.D., B.T. Larson, J.C. Forcherio, D.M. Lucas, J.A. Paterson and M.S. Kerley. 1997. Injection of Holstein steers with a dopamine antagonist to relieve symptoms of fescue toxicosis. J. Anim. Sci. 75:1026.
Ludden, P. A. and M. S. Kerley. 1998. Amino acid and energy interrelationships in growing beef steers: II. Effects of energy intake and metabolizable lysine supply on growth. J. Anim. Sci. 76:3157.
Meng, Q., M.S. Kerley, T. J. Russell and G.L. Allee. 1998. Lectin-like activity of Escherichia coli K88, Salmonella choleraesuis and Bifidobacteria pseudolongum originated from porcine gastrointestines. J. Anim. Sci. 76:551.
Bateman, H. G., J. N. Spain, M. S. Kerley, R. L. Belyea and R. T. Marshall. 1999. Evaluation of ruminally protected methionine and lysine of bloodmeal and fishmeal as protein sources for lactating Holsteins. J. Dairy Sci. 82:2115.
Howard, M.D., M.S. Kerley, F.A. Mann, G.D. Sunvold and G.A. Reinhart. 1999. Blood flow and epithelial cell proliferation of the canine colon are altered by source of dietary fiber. Veterinary Clinical Nutrition. 6:8.
Lehmkuhler, J.W., M.S. Kerley, H. E. Garrett, B.E. Cutter, and R.L. McGraw. 1999. Comparison of continuous and rotational silvopastoral systems for established walnut plantations in southwest Missouri, USA. Agroforestry Systems 44:267.
Meng, Q., M. S. Kerley, P. A. Ludden and R. L. Belyea. 1999. Fermentation substrate and dilution rate interact to affect microbial growth and efficiency. J. Anim. Sci. 77:206.
Howard, M. D., M. S. Kerley, G. D. Sunvold and G. A. Reinhart. 2000. Source of dietary fiber fed to dogs affects nitrogen and energy metabolism and intestinal microflora populations. Nutrition Research 20:1473.
Fu, C. J., E.E.D. Felton, J.W. Lehmkuhler, and M.S. Kerley. 2001 Ruminal peptide concentration required to optimize microbial growth and efficiency. J. Anim. Sci. 79:1305-1312.
Carter, J. N., P. A. Ludden, M.S. Kerley, M. Ellersieck, W.O. Herring and E.Berg. 2002. Intramuscular fat deposition in steers is accelerated at a set body weight. Professional Animal Scientists 18:135.
Graham, K.F., M.S. Kerley, J.D. Firman and G.L. Allee. 2002. The effect of enzyme treatment of soybean meal on oligosaccharide disappearance and chick growth performance. Poultry Sci. 81:1014.
Liang, M., S. Huang, H.E. Huff, M.S. Kerley, and F. Hsieh. 2002. Extrusion cooking of rapeseed meal for feeding value improvement. Applied Engineering in Agric. 18:325.
Dempsey, J., I. Porton, D. Schmidt, A. Briott, B. Lambana, and M. Kerley. 2003. macronutrient composition of plants consumed by wild black and white ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata) in Betampona Natural Reserve, Madagascar. Proceedings of the Fifth Conference of the AZA Nutrition Advisory Group on Zoo and wildlife Nutrition. Minneapolis, MN. P. 91.
Fu, C.J., J.H. Porter, E.E.D . Felton, J.W. Lehmkuhler, and M.S. Kerley. 2003. Preharvest factors influencing the acid resistance of E coli and E coli 0157:H7. J. Anim. Sci. 81:1080-1087.
Kallenbach, R.L., G.J. Bishop-Hurley, M.D. Massie, M.S. Kerley, and C.A. Roberts. 2003. Stockpiled annual ryegrass for winter forage in the lower Midwestern USA. Crop Sci. 43:1414.
Kerley, M.S., and G.L. Allee. 2003. Modifications in soybean seed composition to enhance animal feed use and value: Moving from a dietary ingredient to functional dietary component. AgBioForum 6:1-4.
Ladyman, K.P., M.S. Kerley, R.L. Kallenbach, H.E. Garrett, J.W. VanSambeek, and N.E. Navarrete-Tendall. 2003. Quality and quantity evaluations of shade grown forages. Proceedings of the 8th Agroforestry Conference
Lehmkuhler, J.W., E.E.D. Felton, D.A. Schmidt, K.J. Bader, H.E. Garrett, and M.S. Kerley. 2003. Tree protection methods during the silvopastoral-system establishment in Midwestern USA: Cattle performance and tree damage. Agroforestry Systems 59:35-42.
Schmidt, D.A., M.S. Kerley, J.L. Dempsey, I.J. Porton, M.E. Griffin, and W.C. Sadler. 2003. Fiber digestibility in black lemurs (Eulemur macaco macaco). Proceedings of the Fifth Conference of the AZA Nutrition Advisory Group on Zoo and Wildlife Nutrition. Minneapolis, MN. P. 90.
Berg, E.L., C.J. Fu, J.H. Porter, and M.S. Kerley. 2005. Fructooligosaccharide (FOS) supplementation in the yearling horse: effects on fecal pH, microbial count, and volatile fatty acid concentrations. J. Anim. Sci. 83:1549-1553.
Felton, E.E.D., and M.S. Kerley. 2004. Performance and carcass quality of steers fed different sources of dietary fat. J. Anim. Sci. 82:1794-1805.
Felton, E.E.D., and M.S. Kerley. 2004. Performance and carcass quality of steers fed whole raw soybeans at increasing inclusion levels. J. Anim. Sci. 82:725-732.
Garrett, H.E., M.S. Kerley, K.P. Ladyman, W.D. Walter, L.D. Godsey, J.W. Van Sambeek, and D.K. Bauer. 2004. Hardwood silvopasture management in the central hardwood region USA. Agroforestry Systems 61 (In press).
Kolath, W.H., J.W. Golden and M.S. Kerley. 2004. The relationship between mitochondrial function and feed efficiency in crossbred Angus steers. J. Anim. Sci. (submitted)
Legleiter, L.R., A.M. Mueller, and M.S. Kerley. 2005. Level of supplemental protein does not influence the ruminally undegradable protein value. J. Anim. Sci. 83:863-870.
Schmidt, D.A., M.S. Kerley, J.L. Dempsey, I.J. Porton, J.H. Porter, M.E. Griffin, M.R. Ellersieck, and W.C. Sadler. 2004. Fiber digestibility by the orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus abeli): in vitro and in vivo. J. Zoo Wildl. Med.
Schmidt, D.A., M.S. Kerley, J.H. Porter, and J.L. Dempsey. 2004. Fiber, fat, protein and carbohydrate composition of commercially available, whole produce items. J. Agric. Food Chem. (submitted)
Schmidt, D.A., M.S. Kerley, J.H. Porter, and J.L. Dempsey. 2005. Structural and nonstructural carbohydrate, fat, and protein composition of commercially available, whole produce. Zoo Biol. 24:359.
Schmidt, D., M. Kerley, I. Porton, J. Porter, J. Dempsey, M. Griffin, M. Ellersieck and W. Sadler. 2005. Fiber digestibility by black lemur (Eulemur macaco macaco). J. of Zool. Wildlife Med. 36:204.
Meyer, D.L., M.S. Kerley, E.L. Walker, D.H. Keisler, V.L. Pierce, T.B. Schmidt, C.A. Stahl, M.L. Linville, and E.P. Berg. 2005. Growth rate, body composition, and meat tenderness in early v. traditionally weaned beef calves. J. Anim. Sci. 83:2752
Berg, E.L., C.J. Fu, J.H. Porter and M.S. Kerley. 2004. Fructooligosaccharide (FOS) supplementation in the yearling horse:effects on fecal pH, microbial count, and volatile fatty acid concentrations. J. Anim. Sci.
Kallenbach, R.L., M.S. Kerley, and G.J. Bishop-Hurley. 2006. Cumulative forage production, forage quality and livestock performance from an annual ryegrass and cereal rye mixture in a pine-walnut silvopasture. Agroforestry Systems 66:43-53.
Kolath, W. H., Kerley, M. S., Golden, J. W., Shahid, S. A., and Johnson, G. S. 2006 The relationships among mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 and 3 expression, mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid single nucleotide polymorphisms, and residual feed intake in Angus steers. J. Anim. Sci. 84(7):1761-1766.
Kolath, W. H., Kerley, M. S., Golden, J. W., and Keisler, D. H. 2006. The relationship between mitochondrial function and residual feed intake in Angus steers. J. Anim. Sci. 84(4):861-865.
Fu, C. J.,Carter, J. N., Porter, J. H., and Kerley, M. S. 2006. Comparison of agar plate and real-time PCR on enumeration of Lactobacillus, Clostridium perfringens and total anaerobic bacteria in dog faeces Letters in Applied Microbiology. 42(5). 490-494.
Garrett, H.E., M.S. Kerley, K.P. Ladyman, W.D. Walter, L.D. Godsey, J.W. Van Sambeek, and D.K. Bauer. 2006. Hardwood silvopasture management in the central hardwood region USA. Agroforstry Systems (In Press).
Lehmkuhler, J.W. and M.S. Kerley. 2007. Blood meal and fish meal as supplements to increase the amino acid to energy ratio in steer receiving diets. The Professional Animal Scientist 23:253-259.
Research Funding Support
Developing and Transferring Science in Support of Agroforestry Practices. $83,609
USDA Special Grants Program. Improving Production Efficiency in Beef Cattle. $462,110
USDA Special Grants Program. Beef Technology Initiative. $244,230.
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. Improving the nutritional value of soybeans. $60,000.
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. Development and characterization of new sources of reduced raffinose/stachyose and low phytate soybeans. $60,000
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. Identification of soy proteins which are allergenic to young pigs $64,400
USDA Special Grants Program. Beef Technology Initiative. $244,230.
Novus International. Growth response in heifers supplemented with Alimet. $18,500.
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. Value of rumen-protected fatty acids on growth performance and carcass value of beef calves. $26,450
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. Generating rumen undegradable protein from soybeans. $22,200.
USDA Special Grants Program. Beef Technology Initiative. $244,330
Min-Ad Corporation. $12,000.
USDA Special Grants Program. Beef Technology Initiative. $274,996.
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. Generating rumen undegradable protein from soybeans. $22,200.
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. Value of rumen-protected fatty acids on growth performance. $26,450.
USDA Special Grants Program. Beef Technology Initiative. $186,000.
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council.
Generating rumen undegradable protein from soybeans. $29440.
Will feeding soybeans prepartum prevent embryonic mortality in cattle? $35,773.
USDA Special Grants Program. Beef Technology Initiative. $186,000.
BASF. Effect of silage additive on silage and haylage quality. $10,000.
Merricks. Effect of oligosaccharide on fecal microbial population. $14,000.
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council.
Protection of soybean protein from ruminal degradation. $29,440.
Benefits of high fiber diets for apes. $5,000.
Does soybean oil improve first service conception rate in cattle? $35,773.
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. 1. Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. Enhanced value of soybean meal by oligoosaccharide removal. $47,625; 2. Use of enzymes to improve nutritional value of soybean meal. $35,018.
St. Louis Zoo. Natural diet selection by the lemur. $2,250.
Abbott Labs. Defining the mode of action that LSS-C benefits poultry growth performance. $14,450.
AgrEvo USA. Evaluation of Bt corn in beef and dairy diets. $37,118.
Friskies R&D Center. Enumeration of dominant bacterial species in the feces of dogs and cats. $40,730.
Golden Technologies Nutrition, Inc. Use of fructooligosaccharides to improve growth performance of swine. $30,000.
MINK. Consortium of Experiment Stations. Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas. Correlation of indigestible fiber to forage intake.(7/99-6/03) $45,000 ($15,000 Annually).
Missouri Beef Industry Council. 1999-2002. Effect of feeding unsaturated fat on carcass quality grade. $50,000.
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. 1999-2001. 1. Process development to protect soybean meal protein from bacterial degradation in the rumen. $27,800 (Annually); 2. Dietary unsaturated fat enhances carcass quality grade. $50,000 (Annually); 3. Use of soybean to enhance conception rate in beef cattle. $19,250 (Annually); 4. Feeding whole soybeans to cattle. $12,500 (Annually); 5. Market development of soyhulls as the principal ingredient in a cattle receiving ration and use in feedlot rations. $19,865 (Annually); 6. Use of soybeans to enhance conception rate in beef cattle. $19,250 (Annually); 7. Use of soyhulls in exotic animal diets. 1999-2000. $19,000 (Annually); 8. Enhancing the value of soybean meal by oligosaccharide removal. $47,625 (Annually).
ADM-MoorMan’s. Undegradable intake protein requirements of cattle. 1999-2000. $20,000.
Friskies R&D Center. Role of fibers in manipulating intestinal bacterial populations. $30,000.
AgrEvo USA Inc. Fermentability of propamocarb by ruminal bacterial. $2,600.
Missouri Pork Producers Association. Odor control in swine. $2,000.
Moormans Manufacturing co., Inc. Release of ammonia from biuret in a ruminal fermentation. $6,500.
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. Use of enzymes to improve the nutritional value of soybean meal to poultry. 1997-1998. $75,000.
AgrEvo USA, Inc. Ruminal fermentability and total tract digestion of genetically engineered corn. $35,000.
Iams Co. Manipulation of the bacterial population and mucosal growth in the canine colon. $79,000.
Missouri Agriculture Experiment Station Competitive Grants (Hatch). Protein nutrition of the ruminant. $12,000.
Farmland Industries, Inc. Manipulation of the bacterial population and mucosal growth in the swine colon. 1995-1996. $18,000.
Missouri Pork Producers Association. Odor control in swine. $10,000.
Balchem Corp Stability of fat-encapsulated crystalline amino acids in the rumen ecosystem. $2,000.
Hubbard Milling Co. Ruminal Fermentability of pressed-block molasses. $1,500.
Missouri Agriculture Experiment station Competitive Grants (Hatch). Protein nutrition of the ruminant. $15,000.
Missouri Pork Producers Association. Odor control in swine. $10,000.
Prince Agriproducts, Inc. Stability of fat-encapsulated crystalline amino acids in the rumen ecosystem. $6,000.
USDA Animal Health Formula Funds. Intestinal disease prevention in early weaned piglets. 1994-1996. $22,530 (Annually).
Missouri Research Board. Peptides stimulate intestinal procaryote colonization. $14,220.
Missouri Department of Natural Resources - Soil and Water Districts Commission. Evaluation of forage systems and supplementation program for cow-calf production in Missouri. 1993-1995. $72,000.
Chelated Mineral Corporation. Retention of chelated minerals by lambs. $10,000.
Missouri Agriculture Experiment Station Competitive Grants Program. Optimizing backgrounding cattle production on forages in Missouri. 1992-1993. $40,000.
Ross Laboratories, Inc. Effect of fructooligosaccharide on gut bowel integrity of the neonate pig. $50,265.
Ross Laboratories, Inc. Effect of fructooligosaccharides, gum arabic and xylooligosaccharides on lower bowel integrity and colonization resistance in mice consuming an elemental diet. $58,750.
Ross Laboratories, Inc. Microfloral establishment in the newborn pig. $25,000.
Ross Laboratories, Inc. Ability of short chain fatty acids to affect intestinal growth of the young pig. $40,000.
Archer Daniels Midland Co. Rumen degradability of fiber in soyhulls. $6,400
ICI Canada. Potential use of inoculation to enhance corn silage yield and quality. $19,800. 1990
Missouri Research Assistance Act. Efficacy of providing mineral supplements to grazing cattle. $7,193.
UMC Research Council Grant. Stimulation of rumen microbial fiber degradation. $4,000.
Missouri Research Assistance Act. Effect of monosaccharide and phenolic acid composition and structure on cell wall digestion of warm-season grasses by ruminal microbes. 1989-1990. $17,790.
Albion Laboratories, Inc. Use of chelated mineral to alleviate fescue toxicosis. $18,368.
Chelated Mineral Corporation. Effect of copper on mixed function oxidase activity in chick hepatic tissue. $9,400.
Missouri Beef Industrial Council. Mineral nutrition of ruminants grazing cool-season grasses throughout the summer. $10,775.
Missouri Research Assistance Act. Effect of endophyte fungal produced alkalois on nutrient digestion and liver mixed function oxidase activity in ruminants.. $23,375.
Missouri Beef Industry Council. 5/03-12/04. ($91,280).
USDA ARS Dale Bumpers Small Farm Research Center. 6/02-6/06. ($205,665 annually).
Missouri Beef Industry Council. 9/02-8/03. ($29,100).
Missouri Beef Industry Council. Potential for beef producers to enhance profitability by management strategy. 9/02-8/03. ($29,100)
Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. Use of yeast to produce synthetic peptides and antigens. 7/00-6/01. $104,000. ($24,000)
USDA Agroforestry. Developing and transferring agroforestry technology-a multifaceted agroforestry program to benefit the small, family farm owner. $205,665 annually 7/96-6/99; 7/99-6/02; 6/02-6/06.
USDA ARS 58-6227-1-004 Proj. #6 – ARS Agroforestry small family farm and floodplain initiative $50,558
USDA commercializing biodiesel and other products from oilseeds. 4/95-7/97. $426,000. ($25,000 Annually).
ARS Agroforestry small family farm and floodplain initiative. 8/02-7/03. $93,587/
Missouri Agriculture Experiment Station Competitive Grants Program. Reducing impact of fescue toxicosis on beef cattle productivity. 5/92-5/94. $30,000.
Missouri Agriculture Experiment Station Competitive Grants Program. Balancing protein in diets of growing and lactating cattle. 5/92-5/94. $30,000.
Missouri Agriculture Experiment Station Competitive Grants Program. Converting by-products and waste-products into energy for ruminants. 5/92-5/94. $30,000.
Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Increasing forage utilization and cattle gain/acre with warm season grasses. 8/91-7/93. $44,000.
Missouri Beef Industry council. Treatment of fescue toxicosis by blocking the influence of dopamine on reduced feed intake and elevated body temperature in ruminants. 1/88-10/89. $14,300.
USDA-LISA. Low input beef cattle systems of production. 6/88-12/90. $50,834.
I offer two graduate level courses, Advanced Ruminant Nutrition (AS 9432) and Graduate Seminar (AS 9410). In AS 9432, I lecture on coordination of pathways in intermediary metabolism, microbiology of the rumen, and how microbial fermentation impacts the nutrition of the animal. I offer AS 9410 to provide a forum for graduate students to engage in the rigorous review of literature and the presentation of scientific information in a formal setting.
I offer one undergraduate course, Introduction to Animal Nutrition (AS 3202). This course develops a foundational knowledge of nutritional sciences and diet formulation (with training on software programs) for Animal Science majors. In addition to developing a fundamental understanding of nutrition, students are expected to use critical thinking, conceptual learning, demonstrate proficiency in mathematics, and communicate proficiently in a written format.
I view the most important aspect of my teaching responsibilities to be graduate student education. The names, degrees awarded, date of award, and employment status of my prior students are listed below.
Graduate Students Trained
Jeff Carter M.S. (1997) Florida State University
Gregory Catlett Ph.D. (1994) Purina Mills, Inc.
Ben Davis M.S. (1995) Area Livestock Specialist,
Gene Felton Ph.D. (2002) West Virginia University
Chunjiang Fu Ph.D. (2000) Post-doctorate UMC
Kendra Graham M.S. (2000) Area Livestock Specialist,
Kyle N. Grigsby Ph.D. (1992) Cargill, Inc.
Gregory Lardy M.S. (1993) North Dakota State Univ.
Jeff Lehmkuhler Ph.D. (2001) Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
Paul Ludden Ph.D. (1997) Univ. of Wyoming
Francesca Lusweti Ph.D. (1997) Kenya Agric. Res. Inst.
Edward J. Piwonka M.S. (1990) ADM Animal Health &
Terry Russell Ph.D. (1996) Friskies, Inc.
Deb Schmidt Ph.D. (2002) Lincoln Park Zoo
Leon Legleiter M.S. (2002) PhD Candidate (NCSU)
Andy Mueller Ph.D. (2004) Land of Lakes
Erin Venable M.S. (2004) Southeast MO State U
Joey Golden M.S. (2004) Ph.D. Candidate (UMC)
Bill Kolath Ph.D. (2006) GrowSafe, Ltd
Lucas Miller M.S. (2006) NEMO Feeds
Joey Golden Ph.D. (2007) MFA Incorporated
Allison Meyer M.S. (2007) SDSU (PhD)
Chris Forcherio Ph.D. (1994) LOL Purina Mills, Inc
Tammy May Ph.D. (1991) New Mexico State University
M. Todd Rhodes Ph.D. (1993) Hoffman LaRoche
Melanie Samford Ph.D. (1994) Brill Corp., Inc.
Current Graduate Students
Deke Alkire Ph.D.
Matthew Brooks Ph.D.
Patrick Davis Ph.D.
Jamie Pugh MS
Janice Bowman July 1986-June 1988 Montana State Univ.
Jennifer MacAdam Aug 1988-Aug 1989 Utah State University
Stacey Hamilton Jan 1995-Dec 1995 University of MO
Chunjiang Fu July 2000-Aug 2006 Hubbard Feeds
Qingxiang Meng October 1994-August 1996 China Agricultural
Section Editor for the Journal of Animal Sciences 2006-2008
Editorial Board Journal of Animal Science (1995-1997). [Annually review eight or more
manuscripts submitted for publication to the Journal of Animal Science.]
Chair, Ruminant Nutrition Committee - Midwest ASAS (1998, 2005). [Responsible for
developing the Ruminant Nutrition Program for the Midwest American Society of
Animal Science meeting. The meeting will be attended by approximately 2,000
scientists. Responsibilities include providing the primary editorial review of all
abstracts submitted to ruminant nutrition, identification of the symposium
program and selection of invited speakers.]
Ruminant Nutrition Committee-Midwest ASAS (1995-1998; 2002-2005). [Responsible
for selecting symposium topics, identification of speakers, and organization and review of abstracts submitted for presentation.]
Pastures and Forages Committee-ASAS (1997-2000). [Responsible for selecting
symposium topics, identification of speakers, and organization and review of
abstracts submitted for presentation.]
I have reviewed manuscripts for the Journal of Dairy Science, Journal of Nutrition,
Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry and Canadian Journal of Animal Science.
Ad Hoc Reviewer for USDA NRICGP grants (1993-1995).
Ad Hoc Reviewer for USDA Small Business Grants Program (1994).
University of Missouri-Columbia
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (1989-1996). [Established policy,
reviewed protocols for using animals in experimentation, and conducted animal facility inspections for the Columbia campus.]
ACUC Farms Committee (1989-1996). [Developed animal care and use protocol forms
used by the university's research farms.]
Graduate Nutrition Area Degree Requirements (1989). [Developed the graduate course
requirements for a graduate degree in the Graduate Nutrition Area.]
Library Committee (1992).
College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources
Agroforestry Center Member (1996-Present). [Responsible for the silvopastoral research component of the Agroforestry program.]
Chair, Metabolic Tracer Selection Committee (1991).
Co-Chair, F21C Foods and Feeds Cluster (1991-1992).
Curriculum Committee (1994-1995).
College Policy Committee (1991-1993.
Beef Industry White Paper (1996). [Chaired the review committee, composed of select
faculty and beef producers from various regions in the state, and authored the
Beef White Paper that details the future beef research needs of the State of
Research/Extension Focus Committee (1994).
Department of Animal Sciences
Academic Affairs Committee (1994-1997).
Animal Sciences Center Building Committee (1991-1995).
Animal Sciences Department Chair Selection Committee (1996).
Beef Committee (1987-Present).
Chair Advisory Committee (1995-1997).
Co-editor of the Animal Sciences Research Report (1993-1994).
Five-year Planning Committee (1995). [Developed the departmental five-year plan for
teaching, research and extension.]
Graduate Student Committee (1994-Present)
Nutrition Committee (1987-Present)
Promotion and Tenure Committee (1995-1997).
Research Committee (1991-1993; 1996-1999). [Decide on the dispersal of indirect
research funds in the department to proposals submitted by departmental faculty.]
Research Unit D-5 Coordinator (1991-1995). [Coordinated use of the D5 facilities in the
Animal Sciences Research Center.]
Ruminant Nutrition Program Presenter, CSRS Review (1994 and 2000). [Presented the
Ruminant Nutrition research and teaching programs to the Cooperative States
Research Service Panel for accreditation review.]
Graduate Student Grievance Committee (2000-2003).
Co-coordinator of Beef Research Area at South Farm (2004-Present)
Five-year Planning Committee (2004)
Promotion and Tenure Committee (2007-2010)
Honors and Awards
Gold Chalk Award – 2004
CAFNR Outstanding Researcher - 2005
AFIA Ruminant Nutrition Award - 2006