SMALL TURKEY FLOCK MANAGEMENT

 

1. Turkey hens commonly reach a live weight of ______ pounds at _______ weeks of age.

 

2. Toms commonly weigh about ______ pounds at _______ weeks of age.

 

3. Spell "sinusitis".

 

4. The small flock is generally started after the threat of _______ _______.

 

5. Brooding is practical if you start at least how many poults?

 

a.    10

b.    15

c.    20

d.    25           

 

6. The amount of square feet of floor space that should be allowed per poult up to 8 weeks of age is ______.       

 

7. The amount of square feet of floor space that should be allowed per poult from 8 weeks to market age depending on the size to which they will be grown is _____.

 

8. Spell "quaternary ammonium".

 

9. Cover the brooding area with at least ______ inches of litter.

 

10. Infrared lamp brooders should be hung at least how many inches above the litter?

 

a.    12

b.    14

c.    16

d.    18

 

11. The barrier placed around the brooder to keep the poults near the heat source is called a _______ _______.

 

12. Spell "infrared".

 

13. The brooder guard should be used for the first:

 

a.    11-15 days

b.    7-10 days

c.    16-21 days

d.    month

 

14. The brooder guard should be at least:

 

a.    6 inches high

b.    8 inches high

c.    10 inches high

d.    12 inches high

 

15. The brooder guard should be long enough to form a:

 

a.    square around the brooder

b.    triangle around the brooder

c.    circle around the brooder

d.    d. rectangle around the brooder    

 

16. During the first week, the temperature at the poults' level should be________.

 

17. After the first week, the brooding temperature should be lowered by _______ until it reaches _________.   

 

18. A commercial-type electric or gas brooder can be used for brooding________ or more poults.       

 

19. If the poults move away from the heat source, the temperature is too______.

20. If the poults consistently occupy one side of the brooding area, they are trying to escape a _______.

 

21. The temperature of the drinking water for the first several days should be:

 

a.    hot

b.    warm

c.    lukewarm

d.    cool                      

 

22. Turkeys should not be allowed to run with chickens, or on a range used for chickens in the past:

 

a.    2 years

b.    3 years

c.    4 years

d.    d. 5 years       

 

23. Chickens can appear normal while carrying and shedding organisms that cause ________ disease.                

 

24. The amount of square feet of good grass or clover range to be allowed per turkey is _______.

 

25. Range shelters provide protection from:

 

a.    midday sun

b.    rain

c.    predators

d.    a & b

 

26. Range shelters should be moved ________.     

 

27. If providing roosts, the amount of space allowed for each turkey should be __________.

 

28. In mild weather, turkeys can be put on range at:

 

a.    2 weeks of age

b.    4 weeks of age

c.    6 weeks of age

d.    d. 8 weeks of age  

 

29. Starting mash given poults should be:

 

a.    26 % protein

b.    28 % protein

c.    25 % protein

d.    d. 30% protein       

 

30. After 6 to 8 weeks, use a turkey growing ration containing:

 

a.    16% protein

b.    18% protein

c.    20% protein

d.    d. 22% protein       

 

31. A turkey growing ration can come as:

 

a.    mash

b.    crumbles

c.    pellets

d.    d. all of the above      

 

32. Feed containing less than 22% protein can be fed after_______ weeks.

 

33. If whole or cracked grains are used, ______ should be available.  

 

34. From 16 weeks of age to market, provide:

 

a.    16% protein

b.    14% protein

c.    18% protein

d.    d. 20% protein               

 

35. The protein level should not drop below:

 

a.    16%

b.    15%

c.    14%

d.    13%

 

36. To control disease, some feeds contain _________.

 

37. Poults that die early because they have trouble finding the feed are called ______.

 

38. A poults up to 4 weeks of age requires feeder space of ________.

 

39. A poult 4 to 8 weeks of age requires a feeder space of __________.

 

40. A poult over 6 weeks of age requires a feeder space of _________.  

 

41. The proper height of a feeder is about even with the top of a birds':

 

a.    thigh

b.    breast

c.    beak

d.    back

 

42. Spell "poult"

 

43. The minimum amount of linear water space per poult to 4 weeks of age is:

 

a.    1 inch

b.    inch

c.    inch

d.    1 inch                 

44. The minimum amount of linear water space per poult to 8 weeks of age is:

 

a.    1 inch

b.    inch

c.    inch

d.    1 inch

 

45. The minimum amount of linear water space per turkey to market age is:

 

a.    1 inch

b.    1 inch

c.    2 inch

d.    2 inch               

 

46. Waters should be cleaned and refilled ______.        

 

47. The vision of young poults is described as ________.   

 

48. Artificial lights should be used to provide _______ foot-candles of light at the feeders and waterers for the first 3 weeks.      

 

49. The key to maintaining the health of your flock is_________.

 

50. Spell "diagnosis".

 

51. Especially during the first 2 weeks, some death loss is:

 

a.    abnormal and unexpected

b.    abnormal and expected

c.    normal and unexpected

d.    normal and expected